Re: smtp_connection_cache_on_demand

From: Peter Rabbitson (no email)
Date: Sat May 05 2007 - 20:46:00 EDT

  • Next message: Wietse Venema: "Re: Design: duplicate elimination"

    Wietse Venema wrote:
    > Peter Rabbitson:
    >> Wietse Venema wrote:
    >>> Peter Rabbitson:
    >>>> Hi,
    >>>> I am experiencing 421 errors between my secondary and primary MXes, and
    >>>> it seems it is cause by lack of connection caching.
    >>> What is the error message?
    >> There is no error message as such, see below.
    > Any reasonable SMTP server sends 421 followed by some text that
    > explains why it hangs up.

    I apologize, I thought that 421 in the MTA world is as self-explanatory
    as say 403 in the http world.

    > Having looked at the text below, I think your problem is that
    > you are making an insane number of SIMULTANEOUS connections
    > to the primary MX host.

    This is correct.

    >>>> misses to explain what is "high volume of mail in the active queue".
    >>>> When is exactly connection caching activated?
    >>> Roughly, it is activated when the active queue contains another
    >>> message before the current delivery is completed.
    >> If the primary MX is down for an extended period of time and a large
    >> queue accumulates on the backup, all messages are rushed to the primary
    >> MX in what it seems separate smtp connections. At least I was able to
    >> count as many smtp processes in `ps` as 2/3 of the number of queued
    >> messages, right after I issue `postfix flush`. If I specify explicit
    >> caching for the particular mx host, things work as expected. I guess
    >> there is not enough time for the caching on demand to activate when
    >> doing a flush or having enough queued messages to simulate one.
    > This is not a surprise.
    > If the number of SIMULTANEOUS connections is 2/3 the number of
    > queued messages, then most connections will never be reused because
    > the mail is already delivered.
    > I suggest that you revert to no more than 10-20 SIMULTANEOUS
    > connections to the primary MX (or to any machine).
    > /etc/postfix/
    > smtp_destination_concurrency_limit=20
    > relay_destination_concurrency_limit=20

    I never changed the defaults for those (postconf -n follows at the end
    of the message)

    > If you do that, not only will the primary MX perform better, you
    > will also see connection reuse happen automatically.

    I did more testing, using explicit smtp_connection_cache_destinations
    and I still had the same experience. Rereading the documentation for the
    n-th time I noticed the following in several places:

    (in reference to *_destination_recipient_limit)
    Setting this parameter to a value of 1 changes the meaning of
    *_destination_concurrency_limit from concurrency per domain into
    concurrency per recipient.

    Does this by chance mean that *_destination_concurrency_limit refers to
    individual _domains_ and not individual MTAs? I am relaying mail for 6
    domains, all having the same primary MX (which is the one getting badly
    hammered after being down for a while).

    Thanks for the help


    postconf -n
    Arx:/etc/postfix# postconf -n
    address_verify_map = btree:/var/cache/postfix/verify.db
    address_verify_negative_cache = yes
    address_verify_negative_expire_time = 1d
    address_verify_negative_refresh_time = 1h
    address_verify_poll_count = 2
    address_verify_poll_delay = 2s
    address_verify_positive_expire_time = 31d
    address_verify_positive_refresh_time = 7d
    alias_database = $alias_maps
    alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
    append_dot_mydomain = no
    backwards_bounce_logfile_compatibility = no
    biff = no
    bounce_queue_lifetime = 12h
    bounce_size_limit = 20000
    config_directory = /etc/postfix
    hash_queue_depth = 1
    hash_queue_names = ''
    in_flow_delay = 0
    inet_interfaces = all
    inet_protocols = ipv4
    mailbox_command = procmail -a "$EXTENSION"
    mailbox_size_limit = 0
    maximal_queue_lifetime = 7d
    message_size_limit = 0
    minimal_backoff_time = 15m
    mydestination = $mydomain, localhost.$mydomain, localhost
    mydomain =
    myhostname =
    mynetworks = $inet_interfaces
    myorigin = $mydomain
    queue_directory = /var/spool/postfix
    queue_minfree = 1000000
    recipient_delimiter = +
    relay_domains = <6 relayed domains withheld, all with same primary MX>
    smtp_bind_address =
    smtp_connect_timeout = 5s
    smtp_connection_reuse_time_limit = 5m
    smtp_helo_timeout = 1m
    smtp_mail_timeout = 1m
    smtp_mx_address_limit = 0
    smtp_quit_timeout = 10s
    smtp_skip_quit_response = yes
    smtpd_authorized_verp_clients = $mynetworks
    smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Debian/GNU)
    smtpd_delay_reject = yes
    smtpd_error_sleep_time = 3s
    smtpd_hard_error_limit = 20
    smtpd_junk_command_limit = 20
    smtpd_recipient_limit = 200
    smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks
    reject_unauth_destination reject_unknown_recipient_domain
    smtpd_sender_restrictions = reject_unknown_sender_domain
    smtpd_soft_error_limit = 5
    smtpd_timeout = 30s
    syslog_name = postfix

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